HomeAFCATAll about Permanent Commission and Short Service Commission

All about Permanent Commission and Short Service Commission

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Permanent Commission and Short Service Commission: Hello defense lovers! In this blog post, we will learn and understand the concept of military commissions in Indian defense forces.

Basically, there are two types of military commissions that are established in the Indian Defense Forces currently. Permanent and Short Service Commissions are two distinct paths for defense aspirants in Indian Army. These two paths offered by the Defense Forces help the defense aspirants to serve the nation with dedication, motivation, courage, aspiration, and commitment.

Permanent versus Short Service Commission. Source: https://www.wikipedia.org/

This blog post will categorize and differentiate the Permanent and Short Service Commissions on various aspects like Duration and Tenure, Job Roles and Responsibilities, Training and Skill Development, Career Progression and Promotion Opportunities, Post-Service Benefits, and Retirement.

Overview of Permanent Commission

Definition and Purpose of Permanent Commission (PC)

A permanent Commission or PC is a career opportunity for defense aspirants who want to serve the nation with dedication, courage, and motive. In the Permanent Commission officers are allowed to serve the nation until retirement age, it is a long-term opportunity for the soldiers and officers until the age of 60 subject to mental and physical concerns. Officers and Soldiers in Permanent Commission are allowed to rise through ranks at varying times and seek leadership roles in the Army.

Eligibility Criteria and Entry Requirements

For Permanent Commission in Indian Defense Forces, Eligibility Criteria and Entry Requirements are categorized based on different levels like age, marital status, nationality, educational qualification, etc. Following is the table which shows Eligibility Criteria and Entry Requirements for permanent commission in Indian Army.

Eligibility CriteriaEntry Requirments
NationalityIndian Citizens Only
Age19-25 years
GenderMale (In some branches Females also)
Educational Qualification
-NDA
-TES
-UES
-CDS

10+2 (12th Grade) Passed with recognized board
10+2 (12th Grade) Passed with recognized board
Pre-final year student with 60% aggregate marks in University
Graduation from a recognized university/institution
Marital StatusUnmarried
Physical StandardsMeet prescribed standards
Entry SchemesVaries based on the type of commission
Tattoo PolicyCertain rules regarding the size and location of tattoos apply
TrainingCompletion of basic military training
Eligibility criteria and Entry requirements may vary based on various entry schemes

Benefits and Advantages of Permanent Commission (PC)

  • Career Stability: Permanent Commission of an officer offers him/her better stability in career and assures them a full career till retirement which acts as a sense of job security and stability.
  • Leadership Roles: Permanent Commission helps the soldiers to rise through the various ranks such that officers are eligible to hold various leadership positions, command of units, squadrons, ships, and regiments.
  • Pension and Retirement Benefits: One of the major significance of the Permanent Commission is that it offers Pension post Retirement after the completion of the Service which ensures post-retirement financial security.
  • Specialization and Expertise: Permanent Commission offers the officers to undergo advanced training and specializations in specific domains like engineering, medicine, custom, intelligence, and logistics. This enhances their skill set and adds value to their military service.
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Examples of the Military Positions that offer Permanent Commission (PC)

  • Commissioned officers
  • Lieutenant
  • Captain
  • Major
  • Lieutenant Colonel
  • Colonel
  • Brigadier
  • Major General
  • Lieutenant General
  • General

Permanent Commission for Indian Army

  • National Defense Academy (NDA)
  • Indian Military Academy (IMA)
  • Technical Graduate Course (TGC)
  • University Entry Scheme (UES)
  • Judge Advocate General (JAG) Entry

Overview of the Short Service Commission

Definition and Purpose of the Short Service Commission (SSC)

Short Service Commission or SSC is a short-term period for the serving of Officers or Soldiers in the Indian Defense Forces. Unlike, Permanent Commission officers in Short Service Commission are commissioned for a predetermined period of 5-10 years depending on the Country. The SSC path is attractive for individuals who just want to seek and gain valuable experience, training, and skills during their short-term period in the Armed Forces. It offers an opportunity to contribute to the military’s mission without committing to a lifelong career.

Eligibility Criteria and Entry Requirements

Unlike Permanent Commission, Eligibility Criteria and Entry Requirements for Short Service Commission vary for Army, Navy, and Airforce. Following is the table for Eligibility Criteria and Entry Requirements for Short Service Commission (SSC).

ParameterArmy NavyAirforce
NationalityIndianIndianIndian
GenderMale/FemaleMale/FemaleMale/Female
Age19 to 27years19 to 25 years19 to 24 years
Marital statusUnmarriedUnmarriedUnmarried
Educational QualificationGraduation degree from a recognized university (varies for different branches)Graduation degree in Engineering or Equivalent (varies for different branches)Graduation degree in Engineering/Science/Commerce/Arts or equivalent (varies for different branches)

Selection ProcessWritten Exam, SSB Interview, Medical Examination
Written Exam, SSB Interview, Medical Examination
AFCAT Written Exam, AFSB Interview, Medical Examination

Training PeriodApproximately 49 weeks at OTA (Officers Training Academy)
Approximately 22 weeks at INA (Indian Naval Academy)
Approximately 74 weeks at AFA (Air Force Academy)
Eligibility criteria and Entry requirements may vary based on various entry schemes.

Benefits and Advantages of Short Service Commission (SSC)

  • Opportunity to Serve: Short Service Commission provide an opportunity to young individuals who aspire to serve the country and experience life and being commissioned in the Indian Defense Forces.
  • Specialization and Expertise: SSC officers can opt for specialization courses and expertise in engineering, intelligence, medical, law, and finance.
  • Good Pay and Perks: Short Service Commission also offers good pay and a competitive salary and numerous benefits like medical facilities, subsidized housing, and other allowances.
  • Skill development: Short Service Commission encourages the officers to acquire skills, and knowledge quickly.
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Examples of the Military Positions that offer Short Service Commission (SSC)

  • Short Service Commission Officer in the Army Medical Corps.
  • Short Service Commission Officer in the Army Dental Corps.
  • Short Service Commission Officer in the Army Education Corps.
  • Short Service Commission Officer in the Judge Advocate General (JAG) Branch.
  • Short Service Commission Officer in the Technical Graduate Course (for engineering graduates).

Duration and Tenure

The duration and tenure period for both Permanent Commissioned officers and Short Service Commissioned officers differs. Permanent Commissioned officers are appointed for a long-term period until 54 to 64 years depending upon the ranks, service, and age subject to physical and mental health, whereas Short Service Commissioned officers are appointed for a predetermined period of time, for 5 to 10 years.

Family and Personal Life

Work life balance In Permanent Commission (PC) and Short Sercive Commissions (SSC)

Work life balance is something that highly varies and differs when considered for Permanent Commission and Short Service Commission. It can be affected by working hours, work pressure, deployment frequency, and anymore.

Given below table depicts theWork life balance In Permanent Commission (PC) and Short Sercive Commissions (SSC).

AspectsPermanent CommissionShort Service Commission
Family LifeOften involves frequent transfers and postingsGenerally offers more stability in location
Work AssignmentsDiverse and broader range of responsibilitiesMay involve more specialized and specific roles

Work PressureModerate to high, depending on the role and rank
Varies with the Active duties
Exit OptionsNo option to leave before service completionCan leave before completion of service
Post-Service OppportunitiesOpportunities in civilian or private sectors
May be shorter due to shorter service period

Conclusion

This brings the end of our blog, we hope this blog has given you the enough information and knowledge regarding the blog All about Permanent Commission and Short Service Commission.

Thank You!!!

Ayush Maithilhttps://defencemaniac.com
Welcome To Defence Maniac ! This is Ayush Maithil-The content writer and the Founder of "Defence Maniac". Here we Post all the information and updates regarding defence and defence Exams . So Stay tuned with us to get all the updates and Glorify your knowledge. THANK YOU !
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